Category Archives: Culture

What Makes A Good HPSP Application?

One of the most common question I get as a Medical Officer Recruiter centers around the competitiveness of the Health Professions Scholarship Program.  Leaving aside statistics, which can always be sliced and diced in ways that can either prove or disprove any point, I think there are some basic questions that a successful Health Professions Scholarship Program (HPSP) application has to answer.

Assuming you get past the physical and have no other administrative issues, applicants essentially need to convince the board of four things:

1- You will graduate medical school on time.

2- You will pass your boards.

3- You will enjoy being a doctor.

4- You will be happy in the Navy work environment.

For the most part questions one and two are answered by your undergraduate experiences and  MCAT score, while questions three and four are answered through references, interviews, and your motivational statement.

Taken together, these questions basically boil down to, “What are the odds this person will be a successful doctor in the Navy?” This is an important question, especially when you consider that through HPSP the Navy is hiring you as a doctor before you even begin medical school.

Understand, there are no silver bullet experiences or easy answers and I am not a member of the selection board.  I am simply a recruiter whose job it is to put someones application together, in the best light possible, in order for the board to make an informed decision using the “whole person concept”.

Remember, there are only a finite number of scholarships (usually about 200 four-year slots and less than 30 three-year slots each cycle). There will always be more people who are qualified than there will be recipients.  It’s not about who “deserves” a scholarship, but about who can best make the case that they will be an asset in helping the US Navy meet its obligations to our country.

The Navy is betting hundreds of thousand of dollars on each recipient, so you want to paint yourself as a safe bet.  An application that can answer the questions above is a good start.

Future posts will address each of these specifically as well as what potential applicant can do to set themselves up for success. Click on the “Follow My Blog” link to be notified of future posts.

** As always the opinions on this blog are my own views and unless otherwise noted, do not reflect any official policy or directive of the US Navy or the the Navy Recruiting Command **


Leave a comment

Filed under Culture, Doctor, HPSP, Scholarship

The Nuts and Bolts of the Health Professions Scholarship Program

The Navy Health Professions Scholarship Program is the primary means for the Navy to “hire” our physicians.  In fact, the approximately 200 scholarships offered each fiscal year dwarf the numbers of positions available for those who wish to affiliate with the Navy while in residency (9) or are already fully licensed and board certified (10).  This post provides details about the features and benefits of the program.

FULL TUITION PAID- This is the biggie, the attention getter, the heart and soul of the program.  Tuition is paid directly to the school of your choice and is good for any accredited school in the country.  It doesn’t matter if the school is allopathic or osteopathic, in state or out of state, if you are accepted; tuition is covered.  In addition to tuition being covered, so are all required textbooks.  Other students “on a budget” may have to look at textbooks as way to cut costs.  They will ask around to find out if a book is legitimately REQUIRED, or if the word required is more of a recommendation.  HPSP recipients don’t have this problem.  Required means you’ll get the money for the books. You will have everything you need to succeed!

SIGN ON BONUS OF $20,000-  BAM- Twenty grand (less taxes) deposited right into your bank account!  Use this for anything you want! Many put it towards reliable transportation and/or moving expenses but it’s yours to be used any way you like.  This payment is processed by Navy Finance Office once school starts, so it usually deposits into your account in mid-September and provides a great financial boost as you begin your matriculation.

MONTHLY STIPEND-  The money keeps rolling in.  In 2013 the stipend is set at $2,122 and provides money for you to live on.  Many typical medical school students take out loans each semester to cover their tuition as well as living expenses.  This can mean a pretty bare cupboard as the money starts to run out.  HPSP students can count on a steady deposit of funds each month.

Taken together the three points above (Tuition/Bonus/Stipend) combine to ensure the HPSP medical school student  not only survives medical school, but provides the means to do so worry free. HPSP enables you to graduate free of any medical school debt.

OK, what’s the catch? This is a common question when benefits seem almost “too good to be true”.  Well, the catch is, you must serve in the Navy as an Active Duty Physician once you graduate.  So the “catch”  is you already have a job after graduation. The benefits listed above are essentially our way of “hiring” you four years ahead of time. What’s even better is that you’ll make a lot more money as a Navy Resident than you will as a civilian resident.

How long must I serve? Service payback time following graduation is a minimum of a four year requirement, though there are some caveats.  Payback time does not include time that you spend in a training program, so RESIDENCY TIME DOES NOT COUNT for this. Since you need to do at least one year of residency in order to take your final USMLE test and become board certified, the actual minimum time in the Navy is five years. The best way to look at it is this way; the Navy hired you to work as a doctor and therefore the payback time only counts if you are doing a job as opposed to training for a job. When taken from that perspective it makes a lot of sense.

Will I have to do any Navy stuff while in medical school?- It’s important to remember that the Navy is investing hundreds of thousands of dollars in YOU, so your success in school is the ultimate goal of the program.  HPSP is designed to produce awesome doctors.  This is why the Navy impact on your life during medical school is very minimal.  HPSP students report that many times they only remember they are in the Navy when they look at their bank account.

While there are a couple of Navy requirement, they are designed to either have no impact on your studies or to provide a specific benefit to your time in medical school.  Again, your success in medical school is the intent of the program.

You will be required to attend 5 Weeks of Officer Development School (ODS) during the summer between your first and second year.  You do so at this time because it’s really the only summer you have off.  The school is in Newport, R.I.  At ODS you will learn the basics of how to be a Navy Officer.  You will learn how to wear your uniform, US Navy customs, courtesies and traditions, as well as other essential leadership and management skills.  You will also be required to pass a Navy Physical Fitness test.

During your time in medical school you will technically be commissioned as an Ensign in the Navy Reserves. As such, there will be a few times that you will be paid for active duty service time.  Sometimes this is done as “school orders” in which you remain at school and continue your studies, but other times it can be a more tangible benefit.  For example, in conjunction with your school many students may choose to do an elective rotation (usually done during third and fourth year of school). All students may have this opportunity but HPSP students can do this at a Navy Hospital and get paid to do so.  This is also a great way to make name for yourself at an institution where you may want to do a residency.  Interested in doing a surgical residency in San Diego? Do a surgery rotation out there as part of medical school.  Think of it as an extended interview……with pay (much more than the stipend amount, by the way).

Will the Navy tell me which residency I have to do?  No…not at all. The Navy offers over twenty programs.  Most of the residencies are offered at one of our “Big Three” Hospitals, either the joint Walter Reed National Military Medical Center in Bethesda, MD, or one of our Naval Hospitals in Portsmouth, VA or San Diego, CA, though the Family Practice Programs are at some smaller facilities.

The application process is similar to the civilian match system with one difference.  The smaller size of the programs and fewer locations also means that it is administered by actual people, as opposed to a computer system.

All HPSP graduates will enter a residency program and do at least one year in order to be eligible for the final step in their USMLE board certification. Some will have a categorical match (meaning you go straight through) and some will do a two year break as a General Medical Officer before returning to their program. GMO jobs include working in operational billets as the lead medical officer aboard ships, with helicopter or jet squadrons, supporting submariners, or supporting the Marine Corps.  GMO opportunities are unique to the Navy and something that you should seek to learn about during your interview process.  Operational tours are usually the basis of a great many “sea stories” and the experiences as GMO are unique.

I’ve found in my experience that this aspect of Navy medicine may start out as a drawback to the program at first, but upon learning about it from actual physicians, it often becomes a driving factor in the decision to apply for the Navy.

Should you decide that you wanted to make the Navy HPSP a transactional relationship (as mentioned earlier), you could work for four years as a General Medical Officer and then get out to pursue civilian opportunities.  I know a few physicians that have done this for various reasons.  In each case they were happy in their ability to move forward with their careers debt free while their civilian peers were still paying off mountains of debt.

Most physicians, however, choose to complete their residency training through the Navy.  Because training time does not count as payback time, the career paths they choose drive the total number of years they are required to serve.  Residency programs do incur a service obligation (one year payback for each year in training) but the payback for the residency time is paid back AT THE SAME TIME as any HPSP obligation.  So the ability to begin paying back depends on the length of the residency. (Pediatrics is 3 year program while surgery is a 5 year program, for example)

This sounds like a lot to think about. Yes, it can be confusing at first. That’s why the best thing to do is to learn about the Navy early.  It’s also good to remember is that the length of service is ultimately driven by the career decisions you make.  One the best things about the HPSP application process is meeting with actual Navy Physicians and hearing their stories about training pipelines, GMO tours, and their experiences during their residency training.  Cultural fit is important and no one wants to feel “trapped” in any organization.  It’s been my experience that the number of physicians unhappy with the way things turned out for them is very rare and I’ve written about that here.

Understanding and getting comfortable with this process is critical to ensuring you ultimately enjoy your Naval career. To learn more about Navy Graduate Medical Education you can click here. I also encourage potential applicants to talk to current HPSP students as well as current and past Navy physicians.

The scholarship and money aspects of the Health Professions Scholarship are amazing and it is often the reason people first look into the Navy. It’s no secret that the Navy offers the big bucks as an attention getter and there is nothing wrong with that.  Once you learn the scholarship exists, though, the next thing to do is learn about Navy medicine.

The Navy is not for everybody, but it is for a lot of people, and you may be one of them.  Talk to a recruiter. Talk to an actual Navy doctor (past or present). Ask the questions. Do the research.  In the end, if you think the opportunity to travel the world is cool, then do it. If the prospect of working with an outstanding family of medical professionals as you serve our nation is up your alley, then do it. If the opportunity to make a difference on a global scale is important to you, then do it.  Apply for the Navy Scholarship for those reasons.  The money is just the icing on the cake.

For more information about Navy Medicine you can click here.  You can also use this link to locate a medical recruiter nearest you.

NOTE: Although I retired from the Navy in June of 2014 I will continue to respond to the comments section of this post.  As time goes on, my answers will likely become more and more general in nature, however.


Filed under Culture, Doctor, Residency, Scholarship

Westminster Dentist and Navy Reservist Spends 20 Days in Senegal

Local Dentist and Navy Reservist, Captain Paul Bowersox of Westminster, MD is certainly a man who has “been there, and done that” over the course of his 27 years affiliated with the Navy.  Recently he spent a portion of last summer participating in Operation Western Accord 2012 in the country of Senegal.  This was the first evolution of the exercise and included over 1,200 service members from six countries.

As a member of the 4th Marine Logistics Group he served as the Officer in Charge (OIC) for the dental unit that performed field dentistry procedures such as exams, fillings, cleanings, and even a few extractions over their twenty day deployment.   In addition to providing actual dental support to US service members, the deployment also provided an opportunity to hone other important skills.  “Training the members of the team to set up, maintain, and breakdown a field clinic in a very austere environment was challenging.” said Captain Bowersox.

Although they were located in a rather remote area (about 2.5 hours by bus northwest of the city of Dakar), there were some opportunities to see the sights. While Dr. Bowersox took advantage of a one day safari trip to a 1,000 acre game preserve, others on his team opted to spend a day in the city of Dakar itself.  Overall though, it was the dealings with the diverse population that he really enjoyed.  “Interacting with the Marines is always a fun experience.  Their esprit de corps for what they do has made the past 22 years in the reserves a wonderful experience, and meeting members of the Senegalese and other militaries is also rewarding.” he said.

Dr. Paul Bowersox, DDS, of Westmister, MD.

Dr. Paul Bowersox, DDS, of Westmister, MD.

While some may wonder how he manages to balance his civilian practice with his Navy Reserve commitments, Dr. Bowersox indicated that it really has not been that difficult.  “I have several dentists that cover for me when I am away, just like most dentists do when they go on vacation or do continuing education courses” he explained.  “My patients are very receptive to, and appreciative of, my military commitment. They are generally very eager to hear what part of the world I am off to.”

Professionally, service in the reserves offers unique working environments.  For example, the Navy offers the opportunity to work with everything from the most state of the art equipment in military clinics, to the most basic of supplies during evolutions such as Western Accord.  Dr. Bowersox believes this as a positive experience.

In a field dental suite, Navy Capt. Paul Bowersox, a dentist, and HM3 Andrine Randle, a dental technician, from 4th Dental Battalion, treat a U.S. Marine patient during Exercise Western Accord 2012. (Photo by Sgt. Tatum Vayavananda)

In a field dental suite, Navy Capt. Paul Bowersox, a dentist, and HM3 Andrine Randle, a dental technician, from 4th Dental Battalion, treat a U.S. Marine patient during Exercise Western Accord 2012. (Photo by Sgt. Tatum Vayavananda)

“Sometimes it takes a little time to get comfortable with your supplies, but the benefit is that you get to try, in a real clinical environment, materials and equipment you don’t often use. I have changed materials that I use in my office based on what I used in the Navy” he explained.

In the past 27 years, Dr. Bowersox has served on many platforms, from clinics, to ships, to serving on the ground with the Marines.  He has visited over a dozen foreign locations and eight military installations here in the United States.  “The opportunity to serve, very good continuing education opportunities, and fantastic friendships and memories” are some of the reasons Dr. Bowersox continues his service, adding, “The retirement benefits are very good too.”

Leave a comment

Filed under Culture, Dentist, Reserves

Organizational Culture: Right Person for the Right Job

In my 18 years in the Navy I’ve had the opportunity to work with a great number of medical officers.  Many absolutely LOVED the Navy and have stayed, or are planning to stay, for a full 20 year career. Others have enjoyed the Navy for what it can also be; an opportunity to practice medicine on a global scale for 5 to 10 years, serving Sailors and Marines, as well as their families. After a while these doctors, nurses, and dentists eventually moved on to civilian practice, loaded up with great training and some seriously cool “sea stories”.  I can only think of two people, however, that absolutely dreaded coming to work.  These individuals were not only miserable, but they made life tough for the entire work section.

Why were they hopelessly miserable?  As it turns out, their reasons were similar.  In both cases the reality of their situations at the time were not in alignment with what they expected a Navy career to be like.  To be honest, I don’t really know what lifestyle they expected, but it doesn’t matter.  The only thing that mattered was that they felt trapped, and by extension, were worried that they might have been falling behind in life.

SAN DIEGO (March 4, 2011) Lt. Lauren Mattingly, an intern in the Naval Medical Center San Diego Graduate Medical Education program, examines a newborn baby in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. The graduate program trains doctors in the development of clinical and professional skills. The hospital has 24 accredited programs such as obstetrics gynecology, internal medicine and orthopedics. More than 70 interns are enrolled in the 2011 Graduate Medical Education program. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist Seaman Joseph A. Boomhower/Released)

Two.  That’s it. In my career only two were so miserable that they were actually a detriment to the mission.  It’s not many, but both were memorable situations.

Understanding the environment you are entering is critical to ensuring long term happiness in any endeavor.  These two unhappy souls painted themselves into a corner because they were too focused on immediate benefits and did not learn enough about the organization they were committing to.

The best organizations pay their employees just enough to keep them happy financially, but they really distinguish themselves in other areas such as organizational culture.  Of course, not all organizational cultures are the same, just as no two individuals are the same.  The real trick for an individual is to find a culture that fits their personality. In a similar way, organizations (including the Navy) actively seek out people who will mesh with the culture they already have.  When personality and organizational culture are aligned, success is exponential.

Money can’t buy happiness, but, of course, there is also nothing wrong with making a nice living doing something that makes you happy.  Compensation is very important and should certainly be factored into career decisions and there is a significant amount of money involved in affiliating with the Navy. Medical school scholarships are worth well over $200,000.  Physicians in certain residencies can earn close to $70,000 a year (in addition to residency pay) to affiliate after training, and licensed physicians with some skill sets can receive over $100,000 just for signing on.  But even if your primary mitivation for looking into a Navy career is a monetary one, you still owe it to yourself to investigate what your future will be like in the Navy.

The Navy wants individuals who will be successful in our organization. That’s why the affiliation process requires two interviews from current Navy officers.  Applicants tend to come away from these conversations with a much clearer picture of what their future will look like in the Navy.  These Navy medical professionals go out of there way to approach subjects such as deployments, residency programs and other training opportunities.  

They speak candidly about their ability to pursue personal goals, such as  family life, as well as the highs and lows of a Navy career. In addition, they speak to the responsibilities inherent with being in the military, as well as the specific constraints of the system.  The goal is an honest representation of what a future Naval Medical Officer can expect.  The more people learn, the more excited they get about a future as a Naval Officer.  The more they know ahead of time, as an applicant,  the easier it will be to navigate through any bad days they may experience once affiliated.

Oddly enough, the two miserable doctors I spoke about may actually have enjoyed the Navy, had they known what was coming.  It wasn’t the Navy as a whole that made them grumpy, it was feeling like they had been victimized.  All jobs will have some good days and some bad days.   I believe that had they had a better recruitment experience they either would have been more prepared to handle any bad days that came along and thus experienced a more successful (or at least had a more tolerable) Navy career. That, or they would not have joined at all.  Either of these would have been a more desirable situation for all parties involved.

The Navy isn’t for everyone and not everyone is meant for the Navy. I do believe, however, that there are many individuals who can find happiness and success in the Navy despite not even knowing it yet.   If you enjoy the opportunity to travel the world and working in an incredible team oriented environment the Navy may well be the place for you.  Check out the opportunities in Navy Medicine at the official Navy Medical Officer Recruiting website or you can reach out to me for more information.

Bob Wheeler

Chief Hospital Corpsman


Filed under Culture, Dentist, Doctor, Nurse, Residency, Scholarship